17 States - No ORC Laws
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June 9, 2016 -
New York: Governor Cuomo Signs ORC Legislation into Law
Governor Andrew Cuomo today signed legislation that establishes in New York State statute a first-ever definition of "organized retail crime theft." As many of you know, this effort has been years in the making, complete with countless legislative meetings, conferences and many hurdles along the way. Many thanks to those of you who provided valuable input throughout the (long) process. While this is certainly a major win, in our view, we are also looking at this new law as a building block in continuing our efforts to combat instances of organized retail crime throughout New York State.
The law defines "organized retail theft crime" as "the crime of larceny, including by trick, fraud, embezzlement, stealing or false pretenses, of retail merchandise in quantities that would not normally be purchased for personal use or consumption, for the purposes of reselling, trading, or otherwise reentering such retail merchandise in commerce." In addition, the law will allow for prosecution of defendants for criminal actions included in a pattern of offenses related to organized retail crime (ORC) in any contiguous county where at least one offense has occurred. The law goes into effect on November 1, 2016.
Click here to read the letter the Retail Council of New York State sent in support, to Governor Andrew Cuomo's chief counsel by Retail Council President and CEO Ted Potrikus. Click here to read the entire bill.
April 7, 2016 -
The Decriminalization Trend Continues
Retailers in RI contact Senate Judiciary Committee
RHODE ISLAND S.B. 2885 Shoplifting/Organized Retail Theft
Sponsor: Senator Harold Metts (D)
Summary: Reclassifies the first offense of shoplifting from a crime to a violation punishable by a fine only, and provided the retail value of the merchandise is $100 or less, would punish a second offense as a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine only without the possibility of a prison sentence.
Status: Introduced; referred to Senate Judiciary Committee 3/31/2016. Hearing scheduled 4/7/2016.
Outlook: This measure has been scheduled for a public hearing. Testimony will be accepted at the discretion of the committee Chairman and the meeting will be open to the public. Generally, a measure is heard once in committee and laid-over for a committee deliberation. Votes generally occur during the second committee hearing.
This measure was referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee, chaired by Senator Michael J. McCaffrey (D). The sponsor is a member of the committee of referral.
The sponsor is a member of the majority party. Democrats control both chambers of the Legislature and the Governor's Office.
Effective Date: Upon passage
April 6, 2016 -
State of New York: Call to Action
ORC Bill Passed in New York Assembly; Currently on the Floor Calendar of the New York Senate
Click here to Support this Bill; Comments are welcome.
On March, 28, 2016 Senate Bill S3822A was advanced to Third Reading. It should be noted, that this Bill was amended on the Third Reading back in June of 2015, it's vote reconsidered. Below are listed the Sponsor and Co- Sponsor of the Bill which will enable You to Message the New York State Senator, comments are welcome.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to establishing jurisdiction for organized retail theft crimes
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To grant jurisdiction in a contiguous county when at least one of the crimes constituting a pattern occurs within that county.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section One amends the criminal procedure law by adding a new section 20.40(n) which provides that a person may be prosecuted for criminal actions with respect to each of the alleged criminal offenses included within a pattern of criminal offenses that are part of the same plan, scheme or venture, in any county that is contiguous to another county where at least one of the alleged criminal offenses has occurred when such offense is part of the alleged pattern of criminal activity.
Section Two is the effective date.
This bill is part of a package of legislation that seeks to cut down on patterns of criminal activity that rise to the level of "organized retail theft". According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, organized retail theft costs United States retailers about $30 billion per year.
This legislation amends the penal law to allow crimes falling under the definition of organized retail theft to be prosecuted in any county that is contiguous to another county where at least one alleged offense that is part of the pattern of activity has occurred. Furthermore, the five counties of New York City are deemed contiguous with each other. Under this legislation, one district court would be granted jurisdiction over all criminal offenses, persons, and property that form the pattern of criminal offenses.
These intelligent criminals are well aware of the jurisdictional limitations under our current penal system and avoid committing multiple offenses in the same county to avoid harsher penalties. This bill would give law enforcement officials another tool in curbing organized retail crime.
Original Document dated February 28, 2015
(R, C, IP) 8TH SENATE DISTRICT
(D, IP) 11TH SENATE DISTRICT
March 14, 2016 -
Alabama Addressing ORC through RICO Bill
Get Involved - Contact AL Retail Trade Association & Bill Sponsors
'RICO Bill could save AL consumers hundreds of dollars'
The retail industry is another major target. Criminals traveling the country hitting a specific box store for one item, take the inventory to the port to be shipped overseas, repackaged and sold back to U.S. companies. The profits go overseas. They fund terrorism and organized crime that we have to go back and fight again," Matson said.
In fact, that cost is passed on to Alabama consumers. On average, organized retail crime costs Alabama shoppers about $500 each year.
"It's terribly frustrating when you know there's people that profit off of hurting Alabama," Matson said. "A statute like this is desperately needed."
If the RICO statute passes, a conviction would be guilty of a Class A Felony. wbrc.com
Contact the Alabama Retail Trade Association here. Contact Alabama Senator Richard Shelby or Senator Jeff Sessions.
March 22, 2016 -
State Attorney General Recognizes Need for ORC Law - The 'Fight For 20' Presses On
As we kick off the 'Fight for 20' campaign it is important to remember this is going to be more of a marathon than a sprint. The legislators of states without current Organized Retail Crime laws are not blind to the fact that there is an increase in credit card fraud, gift card scams, shoplifting and identity theft; sometimes the wheels of justice just move a little slow.
Recently, I had the pleasure of speaking with the Attorney General from a state which currently does not have an Organized Retail Crime law. Being that he is the Top Law Enforcement official in the state, surely he had more important things to do. To my surprise, our conversation lasted over 30 minutes. The Attorney General acknowledged that he was aware of ORC laws being enacted in several surrounding states, but to his knowledge, there is no current bill in place in his state and no current effort to support such a bill.
The Attorney General shared that several retailers (including Walmart, Home Depot and CVS) all had major Credit Card/Gift Card Fraud cases in the state in the last few months, large enough to get the attention of his office. The Attorney General also shared the fact that a large retailer recently recovered a great deal of merchandise from a local pawn shop, which was paying heroin addicts pennies on the dollar for stolen merchandise. Prior to these types of crimes gaining headlines, he said, "Honestly, we just didn't see the need." The Attorney General stated that his office also recommends sentencing guidelines to the court; and in these cases, he knew that an Organized Retail Crime law would have come into play.
After he told us he needed "more ammo" to present to the state legislator regarding ORC activity in his and surrounding states, The D&D Daily was able to supply him with information for the local ORC Investigators Network and were pleased to add his contact information to The Daily.
It may seem strange to not name the Attorney General or the state, but we are trying to build bridges, not call out states individually that have not moved forward as of yet. This state will move forward with the right information and a little push from The Daily and the Loss Prevention professionals around the country.
- Gordon Smith, ORC & Retail Crime Editor
April 26, 2016 -
Two Pending ORC Bills Fail
Oklahoma: Criminal Justice reforms await Governor's signature
ORC Amendment Not Signed by Republican Governor
Felony Threshold Moved Up to $1,000
Oklahoma Senate sends Criminal Justice measures to Governor Gov. Mary Fallin's desk is the next stop for four criminal justice bills designed to slow the growth of Oklahoma's prison population. The state Senate gave final approval to the measures last Wednesday and sent them to Fallin to be signed into law. Fallin has expressed support for the bills that are intended to ease overcrowding in state prisons. The bills would allow district attorneys to file misdemeanor charges instead of felonies for certain crimes, reduce mandatory sentences for drug offenses, raise the felony threshold to $1,000 for property crimes (HB2751), and expand the number of offenders eligible for drug courts. On Monday, 27,980 inmates were incarcerated in the state's prison system, 112 percent of capacity.
Organized Retail Crime was part of HB2751, but that measure was left on the floor, it was argued that similar laws are already covered under Racketeering statutes. It has been promised that ORC will get another look in 2017. http://webserver1.lsb.state.ok.us/cf_pdf/2015-16 ENR/hB/HB2751 ENR.PDF
Indiana House Rejects Organized Crime Bill
Indiana Representative Gregory Steuerwald (R) had authored House Bill 1363 back in January 2015, after the first reading in the House, the bill has died in Committee. Steuerwald had attempted to make Organized Retail Theft a level 5 Felony. Click here to read the original bill.
Contact Representative Gregory Steuerwald, Republican, District 40
April 12, 2016 -
ORC Bill Approved by New York Senate
Yesterday the New York State Senate approved long-sought Retail Council of New York State backed legislation that would establish New York State's first-ever definition of "organized retail theft crime." View bill here
The measure would prosecute defendants for criminal actions included in a pattern of offenses related to organized retail crime (ORC) in any contiguous county where at least one offense has occurred. The bill would also define "organized retail theft crime" as "the crime of larceny, including by trick, fraud, embezzlement, stealing or false pretenses, of retail merchandise in quantities that would not normally be purchased for personal use or consumption, for the purposes of reselling, trading, or otherwise reentering such retail merchandise in commerce."
The bill passed the Assembly in mid-March and now will be sent to Governor Andrew Cuomo for his consideration. The Retail Council will, of course, submit a letter to the Governor signaling their strong support for the measure. If your company would like to do the same, please consider working with the RCNYS (www.retailcouncilnys.com) in your efforts.
In other loss prevention-specific news, I can report that the Retail Council's direct intervention caused the Assembly Committee on Consumer Affairs to hold legislation that would have established additional requirements for stores attempting to settle civil actions related to larceny prosecutions. This move kills the bill in the Assembly for the remainder of 2016. Many thanks to those who provided specific feedback over the past few days - it was extraordinarily helpful in our efforts to stall the bill in short order.
Congratulations to the Retail Council of New York State and the retailers supporting their efforts!
-Joe LaRocca, RetaiLPartners
State of Indiana General Assembly House Bill 1051
Current Status: 01/05/2016
First reading: referred to Committee on Courts and Criminal Code
Authored by Rep. Gregory Steuerwald.
Republican, District 40
200 W. Washington Street
Indianapolis, IN 46204
Organized retail theft. Makes it organized retail theft, a Level 5 felony, for a person: (1) to knowingly: (A) take, procure, receive, conceal, or otherwise exercise control over the personal property of a retail merchant; or (B) use an artifice, an instrument, a container, a device, or another article to facilitate taking, procuring, receiving, concealing, or exercising control over the personal property of a retail merchant; without the consent of the retail merchant or without paying the appropriate consideration for the personal property; and (2) with the intent to sell, deliver, or distribute the personal property to another person. Allows property with a retail or repurchase value of at least $100 that is stolen during the commission of the crime of organized retail theft to be seized and forfeited under the law concerning forfeiture of property used in violation of certain criminal statutes. Allows a victim of the crime of organized retail theft to receive treble damages in a civil action concerning the crime. Adds organized retail theft to the list of crimes considered racketeering activity under the law concerning racketeer influenced and corrupt organizations.
Support This Bill, Send an Email to: http://www.indianahouserepublicans.com/forms/contact-your-representative/
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